General coaching principles apply whether you are coaching male or female footballers. There are however some issues unique to female football environments.
Girls in a mixed gender team may feel intimidated or excluded from learning the game to the level they would like. Implement ways to get the males to take some responsibility for the females learning the game, set up girls zones to ensure they get to play a variety of positions (such as key corridor positions) and against each other.
If you need to touch a player to help them learn a skill ensure it is with the permission of the player. Use their parent if they are present.
Male coaches need to develop changeroom protocols eg give players 15 minutes to get ready before moving into changerooms for prematch address
Develop a Code of Conduct and expectations with the players so there’s a balanced approach between what they want and you hope to achieve in the season.
Use visual and verbal cues together to explain ‘why’ in a football context eg executing a set play kicking out from a point, stoppages etc
Where sexuality issues/club culture can put some girls off being involved implement a Code of Conduct that players have developed.
For players from a different cultural background understand what issues may be culturally sensitive for them. For some Indigenous women it may be ‘shame’ for them to play AFL. For CALD women AFL will be foreign to them so explain unique football terms in context.
Open communication is valued by females. As long as they feel they have time to socialise or the coach listens to their ideas/opinions they will enjoy their football experience.